Hakenkroitz over Elbrus
21of august 1942 the group of mountain huntsmen set a flag with swastica on the top of Elbrus.
In European cinemas showed on the screen German shooters on Elbrus: yunkers 88 flew over biheaded giant, shooters waved machine guns on snow wight hills at the famous hotel ” Shelter of eleven”. Huntsmen set on the tops state flags and pennants of Third Reigh.
Berlin radio informed : The flag of powerful Germany is proudly waving over the highest Caucasus mountain.German weapon courage dimbol was set on Elbrus by hero’s from general lieutenant Hubert Lantz division and Haintz Grot headed the operation.
The first motoshooting division of Vermaht known as Edelveis consisted of locals from mountain regions of southern Germany, Bavaria and Austria. They invited soldiers over 24 with experience of mountain fights.
Division soldiers were taught all kinds of military art in mountains. Move, choose positions, attack, resist and observe.their equipment met all requirements of that time. Everything was adapted for riding.
All kinds of guns were extra light, specially selected for mountains shooting. Besides Captain Grot twice visited Elbrus before the war taking part in numerous climbing.
Svetlana Holobaeva, mountain tourism instructor told in the museum of Prielbrusye defense:” They came here to rest a few years before the war, locals were surprised to see so many Germans climbing persistently. They were welcomed to live in Defence Ministry resort, and the instructor added that punctual Germans made very exact maps of mountains used in Baksan canyon up to now.
In the mountains those who keep the height are winners. August 17, 1942, without shooting Germans occupied the highest hotel ” Priyut – 11″ on 4200 m. Their is a perfect view from there. Two soldiers and meteo personnel were released and told to inform Russian commanders about German capture of Elbrus. They were shot down by Russian secret service for spreading panic.
Russian commanders did not expect Germans to climb such height and ordered to defeat Germans,but it was possible to make up the group from Budeniy riders: medical workers and cooks, who were unable to fight in mountains. And Grgoriyantz,ex women hairdresser, headed the group. He got a task to expulse Germans from Elbrus at any price.
Early in September 1942 Grigoriuantz’ group who had never been in the mountains before, under the cover of the night climbed up Terskol to reach Germans in the morning and attack unexpectedly. The task was unreal, soldiers were not skilled but in the morning they managed to get to the top. As there was no fog Germans easily shot down our soldiers from the height. Grigiriantz group had no chances at all, thee was nowhere to hide from bullets not to say about soldiers clothes.
They did not have special uniform and their green jackets were perfectly seen on the snow.
According to vermaht veterans germans ciuld nit believe their eyes seeing climbing russian army alpinists, it was absolute suicide.